Speciality coffee is a higher quality and more complex version of the commodity coffee, and its flavourful beans are produced under specific circumstances in special micro climates. So which countries are the world’s specialty coffee producers, you may ask? And does being a coffee producing country mean that it produces higher quality coffee as well? Well, not necessarily. But here is a list of countries that produce a considerable amount of speciality coffee, along with some interesting information about the characteristics of its coffee.
Ranked the world’s largest coffee producer, Brazil provides mainly Arabica beans using natural and pulped natural processes. Its high quality beans are known for a medium body, low acidity, and nice bitter sweet chocolaty and nutty tastes. The country’s most popular varieties are Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, and Mundo Novo, which are used for high quality espresso blends. Brazil has the most popular and accessible coffees in the world.
Colombian coffee is one of the most recognized worldwide due to its efficient branding. It is grown along three northern Andes mountains in generally small plantations. It is known for its silky taste and a creamy feel due to its mild and balanced body. It also has high acidity, as well as floral and citric flavours.
Due to its excellent coffee growing conditions, Costa Rica certainly produces some of the best coffees in the world. High grown coffees from the mountains of Costa Rica are typically bright, crisp and clean with good body, fruity aroma and high acidity. Notable coffee growing regions include Tarrazu, Tres Rios, Herediá, and Alajuela.
Ethiopia is the birthplace of the Arabica tree and wild coffee cherries are still harvested by tribes people in the mountains. In Eastern Ethiopia is where you will coffee beans shop find the Harrar coffee, which is characterized by winy and blueberry undertones, with good body and acidity, as well as the Eastern Gimbi coffee, which has the winy undertones of Harrar, but can be richer, more balanced, and has a heavier body and longer finish. Southern Ethiopia produces washed coffees with fruity acidity and intense aromas.
Some of the world’s finest specialty coffee is produced in the central Highlands of Guatemala in the areas of Antigua, Coban, and Huehuetenango. High quality Guatemalan coffees are generally produced using the wet-process method, and typically have spicy or chocolaty tastes, with medium body and high acidity.
Although Indonesia is the world’s fourth largest producer of coffee, the majority of the crop is Robusta and the amount of specialty coffee is limited. Nonetheless, the Arabica coffees from this region are considered some of the best in the world and are prized for their richness, full body, long finish, earthy aroma and gentle acidity.